Breast Cancer Screening
When you go to your doctor who may also suspect that you may have breast cancer, he recommend breast cancer screening.
What is Breast Cancer screening?
In order to early detect and timely treat cancer, early detection is the key. The process to look for breast cancer cells is called breast cancer screening. When detecting cancer early, screening for cancerous cells is important as the cancer may spread and become harder to treat. When the cancer spreads, more than one organ can be affected and the treatment becomes exponentially complex.
There are multiple ways of screening someone for breast cancer. When the cancer is advanced the symptoms are prominent thus detection is easier. For early stage detection, genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors are also considered as they increase the likelihood of getting cancer. Depending on these factors, doctors may also suggest higher frequency of screening.
How is breast cancer screened?
There are 2 common methods:
- Breast MRI
What is a mammography?
In simple terms its just like a X-ray of your breast. It shows if there are any signs of cancer including lumps or lesions in the mammogram. You don’t need to have cancer to do a mammography. After the age of 40 mammograms recommended every year.
The largest trials in history haveshown a 33 percent decrease in death from breast cancer in women over 40 who had regular screening mammograms.*
However recent studies have shown that 20 percent of the times mammogram have failed to accurately detect breast cancer. This is why multiple screenings techniques should be used for accurate testing.
What exactly happens during a mammogram?
Breast are compressed against two metal plates then the breast are x-rayed. Compressing allows the machine to identify the lumps and lesions especially at an early stage.
What is a breast MRI?
A MRI machines scans a further in depth photo of your body part, breasts in this case. When there is further doubt in the mammogram such as multiple lesions or a strong family history of cancer or presence of BRCA gene breast MRI is performed.